Glossary of Vet and Veterinary Terms | PetMD

Dr Elsa Jungman

Vet & Veterinary Terms



  • Term used to refer to the muscles in a horse’s chest that appear to look like an upside-down V

  • A medical condition in which the vagina becomes inflamed.

  • Term used to indicate something that is bent out.

  • An amino acid that occurs naturally in the body.

  • An incision into a membrane or valve; done surgically.

  • The webby part of a bird’s feather; very thin and fragile.

  • Anything that has been recognized as to be not what would be accepted as normal.

  • A cross hybrid that is made up of two different variations of the same species of animal.

  • The term used to refer to the tube that carries sperm into the pelvis in the direction of the urethra.

  • Any inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph.

  • Term used to refer to a male animal that has been surgically altered to keep them from properly producing live sperm.

  • A surgical procedure in which the tube used to carry sperm into the pelvis is removed; in most cases the sexual urges are still there although the live sperm is not.

  • Any substance that makes the blood vessels smaller in size.

  • A type of hormone that is used to stimulate oviposition in birds; similar in nature to oxytocin

  • Term used to refer to a large tub or container used to hold liquids; may be used to dip animals into.

  • The action of passing a disease from one organism to another organism.

  • A carrier of a disease; helps to move a disease from one animal to the next.

  • The act of taking blood out of a vein with the help of a syringe and needle.

  • Term used to refer to an incision that is made along the midsection of the abdomen.

  • a) A cavity in certain animals b) Term refers to a rear chamber in the heart or a cavity in the brain

  • The stomach in certain birds; may also be referred to as the gizzard.

  • A beam that passes from the stomach to the back; an x-ray beam

  • Anything that is designed to kill worms or other parasites; anthelmintic substance

  • Any chemical that causes worms or parasitic worms to be expelled from an animal’s body

  • Anything having to do with worms or occurring as the result of worms

  • A worm

  • Body warts

  • A bone in the spinal column

  • Term used to refer to animals that have a spine or backbone, including fish and mammals

  • The transfer of a disease from the mother to the fetus

  • Any disorder of the neurons that may be characterized by rolling, circling, falling, etc.

  • The foremost portion of the nose and nasal cavity; includes the nostrils

  • Indicates that something is able to live inside the mother

  • Health; possessing of a great deal of energy

  • A medical condition involving a horse’s hoof; the wall becomes inflamed and causes pain

  • A medical condition in which a virus is found in the blood of an animal

  • A term used to refer to a male capable of copulation

  • A chemical or substance that is designed to kill a virus; disinfects

  • The ability that a certain organism has to create disease

  • Having the strength to cause disease; deadly in nature; pathogenic

  • Anything that is known to keep a virus from multiplying

  • Anything pertaining to an organ

  • The area inside the rear of the eyeball

  • A type of jelly-like substance that is found inside the vitreous chamber

  • Capable of or having borne live young

  • The process of elimination when it comes to the bowels or the bladder

  • Any material that has been ejected through vomiting

  • ?

    The genitalia of a female; found on the outside