Glossary of Vet and Veterinary Terms | PetMD

Dr Elsa Jungman

Vet & Veterinary Terms

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  • The end of the feather shaft

  • The colors that are used to mark a ram’s chest that rubs off on ewes once they have mated

  • A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray

  • A medical condition in which the nerves of the spine are inflamed

  • A record of body structures using an x-ray

  • A procedure of imaging internal body structures by exposing film

  • A person who specializes in the imaging of internal body structures after exposing them to ionized radiation

  • The study of the internal structures of the body as pertaining to ionizing radiation

  • Refers to something that appears black or gray when observed on a radiograph

  • Something that appears white or light grey on a radiograph

  • A jacket that is designed to prevent a ram from mating while still allowing it to run with the flock

  • A sheep (male) less than one year old

  • A mating system in which males and females have an equal chance of mating with one another

  • A sample taken from an area without particular regard to from who, so every living thing in that group has the same chance of being part of that sample

  • The term for an animal who lacks real muscular structure, very lean and leggy in appearance

  • A calf that is of very poor quality

  • The term used to refer to animals that scratch the ground

  • The amount of feed needed to sustain an animal

  • A female that is constantly in heat for some reason or another

  • The skin of cattle that has not been dressed

  • A whip that is made of rawhide

  • Any type of substance that is involved in a chemical reaction

  • The term for a trait that is overshadowed by a gene that is more dominant in nature

  • To bring something back to its original form by adding water

  • Anything having to do with the rectum

  • A way of determining pregnancy by inserting an arm into the rectum and feeling for the young

  • Pertaining to the rectum and vagina

  • Tail feathers used in flight

  • The very end of the large intestine

  • The position of lying down

  • The number of erythrocytes detected in every cubic millimeter of blood

  • Returning food that has been swallowed into the mouth; often results in vomiting

  • The return of food into the oral cavity after it has been swallowed

  • To control a horse with the reins; this includes stopping, directing, and guiding them

  • The act of repeating the act of insemination

  • A type of hormone that is produced at the time of birth; it is thought to provide assistance with relaxing of the birth canal during labor

  • The disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a particular disease; this is often used in association with cancer

  • A horse that is used to replace a horse that has been worn out or otherwise incapacitated

  • A collection of horses that have been broken

  • Anything having to do with the kidneys

  • The failure of the kidneys to perform their proper functions

  • A decrease in the amount of blood flowing to the kidneys

  • An animal that is raised to replace an older animal in a herd

  • The act of bearing fruit or bringing forth young

  • The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation

  • A horse that is trained to obey the reins

  • A system of grazing in which parts of the range are used for grazing while others parts of the range are rested

  • A pasture that remains ungrazed for the span of the whole growing season

  • A feeding system in which food is only provided at certain points throughout the day

  • The restoration of life

  • A medical condition in which the mother animal fails to expel the placenta

  • The term for deciduous teeth that fail to fall out when they should

  • A pen that is designed for holding cattle and other animals when dipping, weighing, shearing, or anything else of that nature is taking place

  • The cranial portion of the fore stomach in ruminant animals; is often called the honeycomb due to its texture

  • The layer of the eye that is charged with receiving and processing images

  • A test of urine that is used to determine the presence of ketone and acetonemia in domestic animals

  • The end of the head containing the nose

  • A type of decay that is caused by fungus or bacteria

  • A pasture in a system of crop rotation that is grazed and then plowed to make room for other crops

  • A system of grazing in which pastures are rotated to allow for appropriate recovery

  • An animal’s coat that indicates lack of proper care by looking or being coarse or tangled

  • A type of animal feed that is high in fiber; may include hay or pasture crops

  • An unsegmented parasitic worm belonging to the Nematoda class

  • In equine terms, the wheel of points found on a spur

  • A type of long, protective sleeve and glove that is used to cover the arms during insemination or other work that requires such protection

  • Any type of substance that causes the skin to be red when it comes into contact with it

  • Not fully developed

  • A teat that is not fully developed and so may not be connected with the tissue responsible for the secretion of milk

  • A branch of study involving the processes of the rumen

  • The act of cutting into the rumen to make an observation or to remove something

  • An animal with a fore stomach that chews its cud

  • The act of chewing the cud

  • A series of functions pertaining to the digestive processes of ruminant animals

  • The rear end of an animal

  • To be loose and unrestricted

  • An animal that is born smaller than its siblings and is not used for breeding; this may be due to genetics

  • The season in which animals are in heat

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